How to Remember the branches of External Carotid Artery (ECA)?

Arch of Aorta gives off (ABCS):
A = Arch of Aorta
B = Brachiocephalic artery
C = Left common carotid artery
S = Left subclavian artery

Brachiocephalic artery gives right common carotid artery

The common carotid arteries branches into internal and external carotid arteries at the level of upper border of thyroid cartilage.


Mnemonics:
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  • Superior thyroid
  • Ascending Pharyngeal
  • Lingual
  • Facial
  • Occipital
  • Posterior auricular
  • Maxillary
  • Superficial temporal
Branches of External Carotid Artery:

Ventral branches:
  • Superior thyroid
  • Lingual
  • Facial
Medial branch:
  • Ascending Pharyngeal
Posterior branches:
  • Occipital
  • Posterior auricular
Terminal branches:
  • Maxillary
  • Superficial temporal

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